Mechanochemical reactions at the gallium nitride-alumina (GaN–Al2O3) interface at nanoscale offer a significant beneficial reference for the high-efficiency and low-destruction ultra-precision machining on GaN surface. Here, the mechanochemical reactions on oxide-free and oxidized GaN surfaces rubbed by the Al2O3 nanoasperity as a function of the ambient humidity were studied. Experimental results reveal that oxidized GaN exhibits a higher mechanochemical removal rate than that of oxide-free GaN over the relative humidity range of 3–80%. The mechanical activation in the mechanochemical reactions at the GaN–Al2O3 interface is well-described by the mechanically-assisted Arrhenius-type kinetics model. The analysis indicates that less external mechanical activation energy is required to initiate the mechanochemical atomic attrition on the oxidized GaN surface compared with the oxide-free GaN surface. These results may not only gain a deep understanding of the mechanochemical removal mechanism of GaN but also provide the basic knowledge for the optimization of the oxidation-assisted ultra-precision machining.

Frontiers Media SA
Front. Chem.

Guo, J, Xiao, C, Gao, J, Liu, J, Chen, L, & Qian, L.M. (2021). Effect of Native Oxide Layer on Mechanochemical Reaction at the GaN–Al2O3 Interface. Front. Chem., 9, 672240: 1–672240: 9. doi:10.3389/fchem.2021.672240