The vapor-box, a liquid metal design for the divertor, utilizes lithium recirculation through evaporation and condensation. Safety concerns arise from Li-D/T formation and co-deposition on vapor-box walls and the first wall, affecting tritium retention. Additively manufactured tungsten capillary porous structure (CPS) samples with Li were exposed to high heat flux D plasmas in the linear plasma device Magnum-PSI, to study D retention in Li–D co-deposition dependence on substrate temperature (200 C–428 C) and distance from the plasma beam center (25–85 mm). The D:Li ratio was determined via in-situ ion beam diagnostics with simultaneously analyzed Nuclear Reaction Analysis and Elastic Backscattering Spectroscopy spectra to maximize the precision. Experimental results approach close to the theoretical maximum at 40:60 D:Li ratio and deposited film thickness ranging from 0.02 to 3.2 µm. Witness plate temperatures above 400 C yielded Li films under 150 nm in thickness with lower D:Li ratios (5:95 D:Li ratio). At this temperature LiD decomposition pressure is comparable with vessel pressure during plasma. SOLPS-ITER simulations narrowed CPS surface temperature to 650 C–700 C, indicating Li+ plasma dominance near the target surface. Redeposition ratio of lithium on the CPS surface was determined to be around 80, matching quartz crystal microbalance results. However, SOLPS-ITER simulations lacked accuracy in recreating observed Li and D deposition layers on WPs, improvements are needed to model plasmas with significant Li quantities. Extension of SOLPS-ITER simulations to include LiD molecules and enhance heat flux accuracy is crucial for better alignment with experimental data.

IOP Publishing
NWO
doi.org/10.1088/1741-4326/ad4614
Nuclear Fusion
Plasma Theory and Modeling

Morbey, M., Gonzales Muñoz, J., Arnoldbik, W. M., Tyburska-Pueschel, B., & Morgan, T. W. (2024). Deuterium retention in co-deposition with lithium in Magnum-PSI: experimental analysis and comparison with SOLPS-ITER. Nuclear Fusion, 64(7), 076019–076019. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/ad4614